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tea set
Release Time:2022-07-12
Tea utensils, also known as tea utensils or tea utensils in ancient times. According to Wang Bao's "Tong Yue", a poet of the Western Han Dynasty, there is a saying that "everything is ready to cook tea, and it has been hidden". It can be seen that, for example, the Tang poet Lu Guimeng's "General Notes of Lingling" said: "There is no limit to the number of turns when guests arrive, and they will hold the tea utensils every day." The Tang Dynasty writer Pi Rixiu's "Chu Jialinting Poetry" has the phrase "Xiao Shugui's shadow shifts the tea set". In the Song, Yuan and Ming dynasties, the word "tea set" can be seen in various books, such as "Song Dynasty". "History of Lizhi" contains: "The Emperor's Royal Palace of Purple Ai, the Sixth Council Officer's residence in the north... It is a gift of tea and famous fruit"
The range of tea sets The emperor of Song Dynasty used "tea set" as a gift. It can be seen that "tea set" in Song Dynasty was very precious, and the painter Wen Tong of the Northern Song Dynasty had the verse of "only bring tea set to enjoy the serenity". The poet Weng Juan of the Southern Song Dynasty wrote a famous sentence, "One axis of Huang Ting never tires of reading, and the poem bag and tea utensils are always with you." The Yuan painter Wang Mian's "Blowing Xiao and Leaving the Gorge Picture Poem" has "the head of the wine pot and tea set on the boat." In the early Ming Dynasty, it was known as "Wu [1] The painter Xu Cai, one of the “Four Masters of the Middle School”, invited his friends to have a pair of teas one night, and he took advantage of it to write: “The tea utensils are still set up late, and the singing pot does not knock when awakened.” It is not difficult to see that whether it is a Tang and Song poet, He was also a painter in the Yuan and Ming Dynasties, and they can often read poems about "tea set". It shows that tea set is an inseparable part of tea culture.
According to its narrow scope, tea utensils refer to tea drinking utensils such as cups, teapots, tea bowls, tea cups, saucers, and tea trays. China's tea sets have a wide variety of beautiful shapes. In addition to their practical value, they also have high artistic value. Therefore, they are well-known at home and abroad, and are favored by tea lovers in all dynasties.
"Tea" is a kind of utensils like boxes and cages. In the Tang Dynasty, Lu Guimeng wrote a poem "Tea Poetry": "The golden knife splits the green jade, and the weaving is like ripples." It can be seen that "tea tea" is a bamboo tea set with twill weave, and "tea house" mostly refers to the place where tea people live. Small thatched hut, on the day of Tang Pi Rixiu's "Tea House Poetry", "Yang Yachen lived in the house for a few days, drew red springs on the shed, fried firewood and ferns before baking, and after Nai Weng made tea, the middle woman took a tea break and met each other. Covering the door of the firewood, the fragrance fills the mountains and the moon." The poems describe the tea-making process of the tea house family's roasted tea, grinding (grinding) tea, sencha, and tea making.
The ancients used a stove (that is, a charcoal stove) to make tea. Since the Tang Dynasty, the stove used to make tea is generally called a "tea stove". "Book of Tang Lu Guimeng Biography" says that he lived in Songjiang Fuli, and did not like to interact with the popular people, even though he built a door, he refused to see , do not ride horses, do not take boats, all day long just "set up a banquet hall. Shut up books and tea stoves." "There is a sentence "pen bed tea stove, potted rattan respect". The Tang poet Chen Tao wrote in "Poems on Purple Bamboo": "The fragrance enters the tea stove, and the quiet green is straight to the chess game." It can be seen that whether the literati and writers of the Tang and Song Dynasties are reading books or playing chess, they are all close to the "tea stove", and see tea again. The stove, the pen bed and the tile basin are used together as an example, indicating that since the Tang Dynasty, the "tea stove" was a daily necessity.
In ancient times, the utensils for roasting tea leaves were called "tea roasting". According to "Song History Geography", it is mentioned that "Jian'an has Beiyuan tea roasting." Because the husk leaves have the effect of closing the fire, it can avoid the yellowing of the tea leaves. The tea is placed on the tea baking, and the temperature is required to be baked on a low fire, so that the color and aroma of the tea will not be damaged.
In addition to the tea set exemplified above. Tea can also be seen in various ancient books: tea tripod, tea pot, tea mill, tea mill, tea mortar, tea cabinet, tea press, tea trough, tea constitution, tea cage, tea basket, tea board, tea holder , tea Luo, tea bag, tea scoop, teaspoon...etc. How many tea sets are there? According to "Yunxi Youyi", "Lu Yu made tea sets in twenty-four things." According to the words of Tang Dynasty writers "Tea Sets Ten Poems" and "Yunxi Youyi", there are at least 24 kinds of ancient tea sets. The concept of "tea set" mentioned in this historical material is very different from today.

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